What Is a Finance Company?

What Is a Finance Company?

Finance companies help keep capitalist economies running smoothly by matching those in need with those who have funds available to them. These businesses usually make loans and offer other financial services such as insurance and payment networks.

Some finance companies provide loans to small business owners unable to obtain bank loans due to poor credit histories, often at higher interest rates than what banks might provide to more qualified borrowers.


Finance companies are businesses that lend money to commercial businesses or consumers. Loans may be issued against assets pledged as collateral by clients; unlike banks, finance companies do not take cash deposits for lending purposes and therefore tend to be less regulated than traditional financial institutions.

At their creation in the early 1900s, large sales finance companies such as Ally Financial were designed to fill a need for installment financing of automobile purchases. Today, however, these finance companies still specialize in specific commodities and are closely affiliated with certain manufacturers; for example if someone buys an automobile from General Motors they might get their loan through GMAC’s captive finance company.

Finance companies not only lend businesses money but they can also offer services like debt resolution and payment recovery to help small to mid-sized companies that cannot secure funding through banks or venture capitalists.


Finance functions need to become strategic partners of their businesses in order to extract valuable data insights, collaborate with other divisions, and produce reliable financial results. Furthermore, they should be capable of identifying and using the latest available digital tools; often this requires upgrading capacity within their function such as hiring senior finance professionals who have expertise with mergers & acquisitions or international expansion.

One of the main functions of a finance company is providing both secured and unsecured loans to companies and individuals, typically using collateral from these clients as security against nonpayment – this allows the finance company to generate its revenue stream.

Small businesses may employ bookkeepers and accountants who oversee daily report preparation and production of financial analyses and reports, while midsize and large organizations may require more specialized roles; their finance functions will employ teams dedicated to specific areas.

Revenue sources

Revenue sources refer to all the ways a company makes money from its products or services, for instance by charging customers for goods and services provided, earning interest income on assets held, government property tax receipts or charity donations; internal sources include profits and retained earnings as well as debt advances or asset sales for working capital reduction.

Finance companies generate income through fees charged for loan origination and processing services as well as interest collected on these loans, along with any personal assets offered as collateral to avoid large losses in case of defaults on payments. Revenue accounts can be divided into operating and non-operating categories, where proceeds from core operations (core revenue) account for core revenue accounts while non-operating income (such as interest or dividend income) makes up non-core revenue accounts.


Finance companies act as intermediaries between various forms of financial monetary transactions. Their services may include loans, money transfers, investments and insurance – in addition to offering business support services such as credit cards and banking.

There are nine different kinds of financial companies, such as commercial banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, microbusiness lenders, state insurance companies, mutual insurance companies and investment banks. While some are regulated by central banks others aren’t.

Consumer finance companies specialize in small loans to individuals at higher interest rates than other commercial lenders; critics allege these lenders take advantage of those in need of quick cash. Sales finance companies (also referred to as acceptance companies) offer similar services for businesses as consumer finance companies do for individuals.